پادکست آیلتس

پادکست آیلتس – خرگوش ها

پادکست آیلتس مهندس باقری درس اول

در این پست آموزشی گفتگوی علمی بین دو شخص با نام های Rob و Neil را مورد بررسی قرار می دهیم که درباره تحقیقی که در مورد خرگوش ها شده است با هم گفتگو می کنند و لغات مرتبط با موضوع را به شما آموزش می دهند.متن مکالمه ای که آورده ایم کاملا لغت به لغت نبوده و برخی از موارد را با دقت بیشتری می توانید به راحتی حدس بزنید.نکته مهم در تمرینات شنیداری آن است که به اندازه ای باید گوش دهیم که از فهم دقیق لغات نا امید شویم.آن زمان است که می توانیم متن گفتگوی مورد نظر را مشاهده و ایرادات شنیداری خود را در یابیم.

Introduction

The animal people often associate with Easter is not free from controversy. Rabbits are cute and fluffy and a most adorable creature for some, but others find it a pest that can multiply rapidly and cause problems. Even in literature rabbits have been represented in very different ways: from the sweet characters of Beatrix Potter, to tricksters like Peter Rabbit. Neil and Rob talk about these furry animals and teach you related vocabulary.

This week’s question

In the last rabbit survey in 1995, how many were estimated to exist in the UK? Is it…

  1. a) 370,500
  2. b) 3,750,000, or
  3. c) 37,500,000?

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

نکات مهم :

جهت یافتن معانی لغات می توانید به یکی از شیوه های زیر اقدام کنید

الف : مترجم گوگل

ب : فرهنگ های دوسویه (انگلیسی – فارسی، فارسی – انگلیسی)

سعی کنید هر پادکستی را که مطالعه می کنید واژگان آن را در ویرایشگر تلفن هوشمند خود ذخیره نمایید تا همیشه همراه خود داشته باشید.از جزوه نویسی در کاغذ به سمت فایل نویسی در تلفن همراه تغییر وضعیت دهید.هر جا که لازم بود برای دقت بیشتر در پخش کننده موسیقی موجود بر روی تلفن همراه سرعت پخش فایل را کند تر نمایید.

پادکست های آیلتس مهندس باقری واژگان

a fan of something
somebody who is keen on something

endemic
very common or strongly established in a place or situation

a warren
an underground area where rabbits live, but also a building or a part of a town where there are lots of confusing passageways or streets where it is easy to get lost

a predator
an animal that hunts and kills another animal

paradoxical
something that has two opposing characteristics making it hard to understand

a trickster
someone who deceives people to get what they want

پادکست آیلتس متن گفتگو

Neil
Hello. This is 6 Minute English, I’m Neil. And joining me is Rob. 

Rob
Hello.

Neil
Rob, when we think of Easter, what do you think of? 

Rob
Chocolate!

Neil
Well, yes chocolate Easter eggs are an obvious symbol of Easter. But there is an animal people often associate with Easter…

Rob
Rabbits! Cute, adorable and fluffy – what’s not to like about a rabbit?

Neil
Well, not everyone is a fan of them – by not a fan of I mean they don’t like them. Some people think they are a pest.  But we’ll be telling you more about rabbits shortly.

Rob
That’s good to know. Well, I’ll tell you what I am a fan of and that is your quiz questions – so what are you going to ask me today?

Neil
It’s all about wild rabbits. In the last rabbit survey in 1995, how many were estimated to exist in the UK? Is it…

  1. a) 370,500
  2. b) 3,750,000, or
  3. c) 37,500,000?

Rob
I know rabbits are everywhere in the UK but not 37 million of them – so I’ll go for b) 3,750,000.

Neil
Well, you’ll have to wait until the end of the programme to find out. But you’re right when you say rabbits are everywhere in the UK. It’s probably true in other countries too. You could say they are endemic – meaning very common or strongly established in a place or situation.

Rob
But are they a typically British wild animal? 

Neil
They are now but it’s believed they were brought to the country by invaders – some say The Romans, others The Normans. But they eventually spread across the UK. Victoria Dickinson is author of a book called Rabbit and she’s been telling the BBC Radio 4 programme Costing The Earth about what helped them spread…

Victoria Dickinson, author
It was really by the middle of the 17th Century when people really started to think about rabbit as being particularly British…and certainly there were more rabbits in Britain than in the rest of Europe. There was a calculation done that there are over 400 villages and towns in Britain with the word ‘warren‘ in their name. So the rabbits were raised in Britain but they really kept to their warrens until there was the rise of fox hunting – when their predators disappeared rabbits do what rabbits do best, and they started to multiply and become wild, feral rabbits throughout the land.

Neil
So Victoria knows a thing or two about rabbits – and said the word ‘warren‘ used in town and village names, is evidence that they’ve been in the UK since the mid-17th Century. A warren is the area underground where rabbits live with lots of holes and connected passages.

Rob
But today we use the word warren to mean a building or part of a town where there are lots of confusing passageways or streets. It’s a kind of place where you get lost.

Neil
But it was rabbit warrens where rabbits would live until hunting, particularly fox hunting, was introduced and that killed many of the rabbit’s predators. A predator is an animal that hunts and kills another animal.

Rob
Now, Victoria was talking about feral rabbits – so wild rabbits – not the sort people keep at pets in a rabbit hutch.  Moving on – I’m interested to know why not everyone loves these cute little creatures, I mean, think of the rabbit characters in the Beatrix Potter stories.

Neil
Well they weren’t always well behaved. And Victoria Dickinson spoke to the Costing the Earth programme about this. What word did she use to describe rabbits having the two opposite sides to their character?

Victoria Dickinson, author
The rabbit is a paradoxical animal; it has a lot of faces if you will. It’s both wild and tame, it’s timid but also has its reputation as trickster rabbit – if you think of Peter Cottontail, or you think of Br’er Rabbits – and I think our relationship with rabbit is the rabbit of the nursery rhyme, the rabbit of childhood or you think of Peter Rabbit.

Rob
She said that rabbits are paradoxical animals – that’s the word that describes them having two opposing characteristics.

Neil
Yes – we think of them as wild, maybe a trickster – someone who deceives people to get what they want. Like Peter – what a cheeky rabbit!

Rob
But we also think of rabbits as tame – we have nursery rhymes about them, kids have soft cuddly rabbit toys. I say that they’re the perfect symbol for Easter. 

Neil
OK Rob, if you say so. But now let me answer the question I set you earlier. In the last survey of rabbits in 1995, how many were estimated to exist in the UK? Was it…

  1. a) 370,500
    b) 3,750,000, or
    c) 37,500,000?

Rob, what did you say?

Rob
I said b) 3,750,000.

Neil
Well, you’re wrong Rob! A government survey put the population in the UK at 37.5 million – so a lot more. But despite its reputation, a recent survey suggests rabbit numbers in the UK have declined by around 60 per cent over the last 20 years.

Rob
That is sad news. But let’s cheer ourselves up with a recap of the vocabulary we’ve discussed today, starting with a fan of. 

Neil
When someone is a fan of something, they are keen on it, they like it a lot. If you’re not a fan of something – you don’t like it.

Rob
We mentioned endemic – meaning very common or strongly established in a place or situation. 

Neil
And we talked about a warren – an underground area where rabbits live, but also a building or a part of a town where there are lots of confusing passageways or streets where it is easy to get lost.

Rob
A predator
 is an animal that hunts and kills another animal.

Neil
Paradoxical
 describes things that have two opposing characteristics making it hard to understand.

Rob
And a trickster is someone who deceives people to get what they want.

Neil
Well, I’m no trickster, it really has been six minutes so it’s time to call it a day. Please join us next time.

Rob
Bye for now.
 

Neil
Goodbye!

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